Independence (n.) - Happy 4th of July

Independence (n.) - Happy 4th of July


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Definition

Independence

noun
The state of being free from outside control, or not subject to authority.

Also, not relying on others for your opinions or livelihood.

History & Etymology

The root word in independent is “depend”.  Which is comprised of two parts from Latin and PIE the first being de- meaning “to hang down.” The next part is “pen-” which meant “to draw or stretch”. Other words we derive from pen- are pendulum and append. An interesting way of looking at this is as an analogy, the idea of depending on something is to be hanging from it like a marionette.

The prefix in- in independence comes from the same Latin origin as depend. Its use is to invert a statement, meaning “not, without, or the opposite of.”  And just like the Blue Fairy in Pinoccio the prefix in- cuts the strings of dependence and brings us independence.

Just like many words English borrows from Latin and other Romance languages, there is an old English word that it replaced. I actually really like this one and think it should make a return, maybe with a slightly more anarchist/voluntaryist connotation. That original word was “Selfdom.” The suffix -dum meaning ‘law, rule, fate, or judgement” like it’s more common uses in Kingdom, Freedom, or serfdom. The -dum sufix is also related to one of my favorite words DOOM.

Sources

https://www.etymonline.com/word/independence#etymonline_v_30029

https://proxy.multcolib.org:2682/view/Entry/94323?redirectedFrom=independence#eid

https://www.etymonline.com/word/independent?ref=etymonline_crossreference

https://www.etymonline.com/word/in-?ref=etymonline_crossreference#etymonline_v_6284

https://proxy.multcolib.org:2682/view/Entry/92974#eid742267

https://proxy.multcolib.org:2682/view/Entry/61623#eid5566173

https://www.etymonline.com/word/dependent?ref=etymonline_crossreference

https://proxy.multcolib.org:2682/view/Entry/50242#eid7146621

https://proxy.multcolib.org:2682/view/Entry/50238#eid7144996

https://www.etymonline.com/word/depend#etymonline_v_5607

https://www.etymonline.com/word/*(s)pen-?ref=etymonline_crossreference

https://proxy.multcolib.org:2682/view/Entry/47600#eid7498965

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